"India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border!"
Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA
"India was the mother of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. She was the mother of our philosophy, mother through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics, mother through Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity, mother through village communities of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all."
Will Durant, former Ambassador of China to USA
"So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked."
"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made!"
"If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India!"
French scholar Romaine Rolland
"She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim ... her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization!"
"India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!"
"If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should point to India"
"In India, I found a race of mortals living upon the Earth, but not adhering to it, inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them, possessing everything, but possessed by nothing"
There are 29 states and 7 union territories
There are 22 Official Indian languages in 8th schedule of constitution. Engliah is not included in it.
There are 6 fundamental rights as per constitution. The fundamental right to property was scrapped in 1978
In 1976 Fundamental Duties were included in the constitution. There are a total of 11 such duties listed.
Total number of judges in Supreme court is 31 including the Chief Justice.
Calcutta High Court is the oldest court in India which was constituted in 1862
President has the powers to nominate 2 MPs in Lok Sabha from Anglo Indian community
A person has to practice a minimum of 10 years in High Court to be eligible to become a judge in Supreme Court
The age criteria for becoming President is 35 years
The constitution of India that was adopted on 26th Jan 1950 replaced the "Govt of India 1935 Act" which was the governing document.
It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to prepare the constitution of India
The first few Republic day celebrations were conducted at Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds.
India - Republic Day Quiz
Republic Day Quiz
Q.1 Constituent Assembly passed the constitution of India 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950. Who first proposed the idea of Constituent Assembly
Sachchidananda Sinha. Though he was first president, it was a temporary arrangement for first two days. After that Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the President.
Q.3 the Constitution of India starts with the Preamble stating "WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC".
Which of this was not in the original draft but later added by an amendment
Secular. Even Socialist was also added later by 42nd amendment.
Q.4 Renowned painter Beohar Rammanohar Sinha under the guidance of his master Nandalal Bose contributed to the making of Constitution of India. what was it?
Beohar Rammanohar Sinha designed the preamble of the constitution and also other pages. Nandalal Bose with his pupils at Shantiniketan undertook the work of decorating the constitution. It was also handwritten by this team with stylized calligraphy.
Q.5 During the emergency period Indira Gandhi got 42nd amendment to make lots of changes in the constitution. One change was to acknowledge India's growing proximity to and friendship with USSR (Soviet Russia). What was that change?
Q.6 Indian constitution is highly influenced by British "Parliamentary democracy". the concept of "Separation of Powers" meaning keeping Legislative, Executive and Judiciary separate was borrowed from ___________ constitution.
Q.9 Before 1947, which date was considered to be India's independence day?
26th January. On 31st Dec 1929, at Lahore session, Congress declared "Purna Swaraj" and Nehru hoisted Indian flag upon the banks of river Ravi and Declaration of Independence was officially promulgated on 26 January 1930. And 26th January 1930 was decided as the Independence day. Finally the same date 26th Jan 1950 India became a republic
M A Jinnah. Liaquat Ali Khan was the Prime Minister
Q.12 after independence in 1947, the Governor-General's bodyguards were distributed between India and Pakistan in the ration of 2:1. But none of the sides were ready to let go the Governor-General's buggy. finally it was given to India. But how was it decided?
Flip of a coin. Incidentally Pranab Mukherjee has started using it after a gap of twenty years.
Q.13 This practice dates back to 16th century England where the troops were called back inside the castle after the sunset. A similar ritual is performed to denote the official end to the republic day celebrations and festivities.
what is this called?
Beating Retreat. It is done on 29th Jan evening at the sunset.